Mirt Stove (ምርጥ ማገዶ ቆጣቢ ምድጃ)
Mirt is produced from mortar – a mixture of river sand with cement and has an average lifes pan of five years. Urban, peri-urban and rural households use the stove to bake up to 30 injeras per baking session and the baking of injera alone accounts for 65-70 per cent of primary energy consumption of households. In a typical household there are 2-3 baking sessions in a week.
Name: Mirt Stove
Type : Cooking technology
Uniqueness & Advantages
The stove comprises six parts. Four of these make a cylindrically shaped enclosure that is about 66cm in diameter and 24cm high, where the firewood is burned under a baking plate. The remaining two parts sit behind the cylindrical enclosure and facilitate smoke removal and cooking on a pot. Although heavy in weight, these eco-stoves work with all types of biomass fuel, is dual purpose, is low cost to produce, creates employment, has low emissions and is produced using readily available local materials.
A series of control cooking tests revealed a fuel saving of about 50% and kitchen carbon monoxide (CO) concentration reductions of about 90% compared with three-stone open fire. Results from laboratory tests conducted by the Ethiopian Rural Energy Development & Promotional Centre showed a range of 18-23 percentage heat utilization.
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